Brainwaves and the states of mind

What are Brainwaves?

Before we discuss any other, we need a basic understanding of how our brain works. Our neurons communicate with each other through a series of synchronized electrical impulses. This is the key to understanding what happens within our conscious and subconscious minds. Understanding a bit of how our brain modulates frequencies and our state of mind is fundamental in our quest for self-fulfillment.

Brainwaves are divided into bandwidths and can be imagined as musical notes; lower waves are like a drum beat or a bass, while the higher ones can be compared to higher notes on a guitar. Like in a band, the instruments need to be tuned, and there needs to be harmony in the music being played. Otherwise, there is just noise.

Our state of mind influences the style of the music being played. What we are thinking and doing, and the instruments in the laboratory can perceive feeling. For example, slower brainwaves can be measured when we are tired or daydreaming. The pattern displayed is from higher frequencies when we are excited and alert.

We all display five patterns of brainwaves which can be divided into slow, moderate, and fast waves. They (like any other wave pattern) can be measured in Herz (cycles per second). Each level represents a state of consciousness, but things in practice are more complex since these states may change depending on the location our brainwaves manifest in the brain. Although they are divided into these five categories, they should best think of as a continuous spectrum of consciousness.
Let’s break down the five categories of brain waves:

Delta waves (.5 to 3 Hz)

3hz brainwaveDelta waves are prolonged and loud, like a drum beat. Most of us only reach this state in deep, dreamless sleep. This state of consciousness is associated with healing and regeneration. Now you see why deep sleep is so essential for your health.
Some advanced mindfulness practitioners have trained for years to reach this state, where awareness is fully detached, and one has withdrawn from the five senses.
Delta lies at the bottom of our subconscious and is the gateway to the unconscious mind. In this state, we experience empathy and universal love.

Theta waves (3 to 8 Hz)

8hz brainwaveIn this very contradictory state of mind, we look deep down the rabbit hole: As we sleep, we experience lucid dreams and nightmares; as we are awake, we are deeply connected to our intuition, and we can access information beyond our ordinary conscious awareness, experience vivid visualization, great inspiration, profound creativity, and exceptional insight but also at Theta our fears and troubled history show up. This is where our mind shifts from thinking/language to feeling/symbolic mode. Many mystics, artists, and other people that generally “think out of the box” are found using Theta in an awaking state. Here is where our feeling of connection and unity with the universe can be experienced. Theta mode is also associated with the 6th chakra. At this frequency, you are conscious of your surroundings; however, your body is in deep relaxation. This state can also be achieved during deep meditation, which is said to be in the realm of our subconscious mind.

Alpha waves (8 to 12 Hz)

12hz brainwaveAlpha brainwaves are the so-called “flow” frequencies. We find ourselves in this state when our body and mind are relaxed. When we are doing yoga, walking in nature, or performing a pleasurable task with a balance between challenge and skill. In alpha, we are present, and the brain is resting. We are alert and aware of our body and mind. Alpha aids consolidation of memory, learning, and concentration and can be easily achieved by light meditation and awareness of breathing. It lies at the base of our conscious mind and acts as a gateway to our subconscious.

Beta waves (12 to 38 Hz)

38hzThis is the predominant state of our waking mind. Beta is “do” instead of “be.” It is associated with tasks of the pre-frontal cortex: analyzing, planning, categorizing, judging, and making decisions. Beta is directed towards the outside world.
Beta brainwaves are subdivided into three categories: Lo-Beta (12-15Hz), Beta (15-22Hz), and Hi-Beta (22-38Hz). Beta and Hi-Beta are typically triggered when we are swamped figuring something out or facing a challenge for which our skill is no match. It is inefficient since it demands a significant amount of energy from the brain and can, unfortunately, lead to anxiety, stress, and restlessness.
Although Beta brainwaves are essential to be effective in this world, we should not spend most of our waking hours in this frequency range, or we might experience mental diseases and stress-related diseases, such as burnout.

Gamma waves (38 to 42 Hz)

42hz brainwaveIn this range, our brains are hyper-alert and hyperactive, simultaneously processing information from different areas. These brainwaves were recently discovered, and there is little known about them. Some researchers pointed out that Gamma is found above the frequency of neuronal triggering, so it is unknown how it is generated. Some researchers also observed Gamma states when higher virtues like altruism and universal love manifest. Thus Gamma might be the gateway to our expanded or superconsciousness.

Altering your brainwave

Many methods have been developed by humanity since the beginning of time. In addition, people worldwide in many different cultures worked on modulating the frequency of our brainwaves using many other methods: such as drums and music, chanting, dancing, yoga/meditation, and psychedelic drugs. The so-called bi-neural beats also help regulate brainwave patterns and assist in neuroplasticity (changing patterns).

But a very efficient, low-cost do-it-yourself method is still not out of use:
Sit in a comfortable pose on the ground with your legs crossed, or sit in a chair and pay attention to your breath. Remember to choose a calm place to avoid distractions. Your hands can rest on your tights or wherever it feels good for you. Just remember to have a straight back and use your total lung capacity. Through your breath, you can calm your brainwaves.

  1. Inhale and exhale deeply and regularly.
  2. Repeat in your mind as you inhale (Let/Calm) and exhale (Go/Down).
  3. When your mind distracts you, notice your breath; maybe you are not inhaling/exhaling deeply anymore. Perhaps you are breathing irregularly?
  4. Please don’t hold your breath, but try to let it flow as the seawater reaches the sand at the beach and returns to the ocean. Let your breath lengthen and feel it flowing through your whole body.
  5. As time passes, you begin to notice that only sitting, breathing, and being with yourself can bring so much joy.


Over the long term, you will train your brainwaves into balance. Keep practicing a little bit every day, a few times a day. Anytime you feel your mind is very active, remember to ask yourself, “Which state of mind am I in?” the answer will probably be Beta. Take your time and bring your breath back to normal.

Thanks for reading

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